IDLP Newsletter 1 – April 2014

Contents

1. Message from the IDL Project Coordinating Team

2. Past Activities

  • Workshop – Flooding and Other Disasters: Assessing the Current Legal Frameworks
  • Seminar on the New EU Civil Protection Mechanism 
  • Conference on the Protection of Cultural Heritage from Disasters
  • Civil protection drill TWIST – Tidal Wave In Southern Tyrrhenian Sea
  • The IDL Team presents the IDL Project to the Italian Ministry of Defence – CASD
  • 1st Course on “International Disaster Response Law”

3. Future Activities

  • 1st IIHL-IFRC International Disaster Law Course
  • 2nd Course on "International Disaster Response Law"
  • Sant'Anna Course on International Disaster Law
  • Chiavari Conference on the Red Cross New Committment Towards Disaster Victims

4. Developments in Int'l Disaster Law

  • The New EU Civil Protection Mechanism
  • Developments in other Regional Organizations

5. News

  • IDL Project Working Papers Series Launched
  • The 2014 ILA/ASIL Conference held the first ever panel on IDL
  • New Publications

1. Message from the IDL Project Coordinating Team 

Dear reader,

Welcome to the first issue of the International Disaster Law (IDL) Project Newsletter. Published two times a year, this Newsletter aims first to present the activities carried by the IDL Project members.

The IDL Project is a three-year project of four Italian Universities (Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna, Università Roma Tre, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Università Telematica Internazionale Uninettuno), led by dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani (National Coordinator), dr. Giulio Bartolini (Unit Coordinator), dr. Federico Casolari (Unit Coordinator) and dr. Emanuele Sommario (Unit Coordinator), and funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research under the Programme “Futuro in Ricerca 2012”.

The IDL Project intends to contribute to identify the current legal framework with respect to the prevention and the management of natural and man-made disasters, thus assisting in the establishment of what is probably becoming a new and distinct area of international law. This perusal will help in discovering existing legal gaps and inconsistencies and be instrumental to the formulation of recommendations aimed at addressing them.

The IDL Project’s general goal is to ameliorate the international mechanism aimed at disaster prevention and management in the belief that a more thorough legal regulation might help reducing the destructive potential of these phenomena and their human and material costs. The achievement of this final goal will be possible by achieving some specific objectives, namely:

  • the identification of existing international law norms regulating disaster prevention and management;
  • the development of a shared vocabulary of IDL-related terms;
  • the classification of rights, duties and responsibilities of States, IOs and non-State actors with respect to disaster prevention and disaster management activities;
  • the development of a catalogue of rights to which victims of disasters are entitled;
  • the definition of the legal framework that regulates the implementation of international relief operations;
  • the description of regional mechanisms in the area of disaster response, with a specific focus on the EU system;
  • the assessment of the degree to which IDL has been incorporated into domestic legal systems and to the modalities of such incorporation, looking specifically at the Italian system.

The IDL Project benefits of the partnership with other research bodies which collaborate in the implementation of its activities: the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, ALNAP, the University of Cordoba, the Italian Department of Civil Protection, and the Italian Red Cross.

Besides the past and upcoming activities of the IDL Project, this Newsletter publishes commentaries on major developments in IDL; guest editorials; information on the related international practice; announcements of events and activities concerning international disaster law carried out all over the world; and editorial news.

The Newsletter can be downloaded at the Project website http://disasterlaw.sssup.it where a subscription service is also available. Please feel free to further distribute it among your colleagues.

We hope you enjoy this Newsletter, and welcome any feedback.

Warm Regards,

Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani
Giulio Bartolini
Federico Casolari
Emanuele Sommario

 

2. Past Activities

Workshop – Flooding and Other Disasters: Assessing the Current Legal Frameworks

On 16 April 2014, the IDL Project and Roma Tre University sponsored the event “Flooding and Other Disasters: Assessing the Current Legal Framework” at the British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, United Kingdom.

Vis-à-vis recent floods in the United Kingdom, the event timely addressed the adequacy of current legal frameworks on disaster relief and assistance to victims. Presentations covered both international and national frameworks, including the Model Act on the Facilitation and Regulation of International Disaster Relief and Initial Recovery Assistance (developed by the IFRC, OCHA and IPU). Moreover, representatives from the British Red Cross and the Cabinet Office offered a particular insight into the United Kingdom’s response to disasters.

The event, chaired by dr. Giulio Bartolini (IDL Project – University Roma Tre), included as distinguished speakers Professor David D. Caron (King’s College London), Claire Clement (British Red Cross), Elyse Mosquini (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) and dr. Federico Casolari (IDL Project – University of Bologna).

After some introductory remarks by Giulio Bartolini, who highlighted the increasing awareness of the relevance of disaster law on the international scene, Professor David D. Caron mentioned the three main shifts that characterize this branch of law: the understanding of the notion of “disaster”, the focus by international law on the status of persons involved in disaster scenarios, and the need to implement the international governing tools dealing with disasters, respectively. Federico Casolari illustrated the new EU civil protection mechanism and its interplay with other EU tools responding to disasters while Elyse Mosquini introduced the role the IFRC may play in disaster response. An update on the severe floods affecting the UK last winter and the consequent actions carried out by the British Red Cross was presented by Claire Clement.

A detailed report of the seminar will be drafted by the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and made available in the International Law and Disasters Working Papers Series.

Seminar on the New EU Civil Protection Mechanism

On 11 March 2014 dr. Federico Casolari – IDLP unit coordinator – delivered a seminar on the new Union Civil Protection Mechanism at Trento University, within the Course on Advanced European Union Law of Prof. Antonino Alì.

Conference on the Protection of Cultural Heritage from Disasters

On 4 December 2013, the Conference “Protection and Safeguard of Cultural Heritage from Risks Connected to Natural and Man-made Disasters. International, European and national perspectives” was held in Rome, at Sala delle Bandiere – Information Office of the European Parliament in Italy.

The event was organized by dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani, Assistant Professor of International Law and national coordinator of the IDL Project, with the assistance of dr. Alice Riccardi, member of the IDL Project.The event built upon the growing interest of the scientific community in providing legal and practical answers to the problems arising in the context of disasters different from armed conflicts. In particular, an under-investigated aspect of the so-called international disaster law concerns the protection and safeguard of cultural heritage in the event of calamities.

Civil protection drill TWIST – Tidal Wave In Southern Tyrrhenian Sea

Members of the IDL Project participated as international observers in the civil protection drill TWIST - Tidal Wave In Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, organized by the Italian Civil Protection and co-financed by the EU Commission in Salerno, Italy, from 24 to 27 October 2013.

The Operation – which lasted three days and involved around 2,500 military and civilian personnel – was aimed at simulating a tidal wave in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea.

The IDL Team presents the IDL Project to the Italian Ministry of Defence – CASD

 On 18 September 2013, dr. Giulio Bartolini and dr. Emanuele Sommario – members of the IDL Project Coordinating Team – participated in a round-table on International Disaster Law within XXXIV Edition of the CO.CI.M. Course (Civil-Military Cooperation). The round-table was the occasion for them to present the IDL Project to the roughly one hundred participants in the Course – who are Italian and foreign high ranking officials, senior officers of governamental agencies working in the Civil-Military Cooperation context, and members of the Italian Red Cross. In particular, dr. Emanuele Sommario offered a presentation entitled “International Disaster Response law: inquadramento degli strumenti di diritto internazionale pertinenti in caso di disastro”, whereas dr. Giulio Bartolini spoke about “L’utilizzo di assets militari nelle emergenze internazionali. Analisi dei rilevanti strumenti di soft law”.

1st Course on “International Disaster Response Law”

From 17 to 19 May 2013 the IDL Project Team, in partnership with senior officers of the Italian Red Cross National Commission on the Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law, organized the I Course on IDRL in San Remo, Italy.

Aimed to train Italian Red Cross IHL Instructors in IDRL fundamentals, the Course offered both lecturer-led and practical sessions. The success of such first edition convinced organizers to hold a second Course in May 2014 – again in San Remo, Italy.

3. Future Activities

1st IIHL-IFRC International Disaster Law Course

The International Institute of Humanitarian Law, in cooperation with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the International Disaster Law Project and with the support of the Italian Red Cross, will conduct the 1st International Disaster Law Course from 28 April to 2 May, in Sanremo, Italy.

The Course will be directed by Mr David Fisher (Coordinator, Disaster Law Programme, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) and Ms. Elyse Mosquini (Senior Disaster Law Officer, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), and coordinated by the IDL Project Coordinating Team.

Lectures will be delivered by distinguished speakers including Eduardo Valencia-Ospina (Special Rapporteur of the ILC on the Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters), Walter Kälin (former Representative of the UN Secretary-General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons), academics, as well as representatives of relevant international and national actors involved in IDL, such as the IFRC, the European Union, IAEA, OCHA, the Italian Civil Protection Department and the Italian Red Cross.

The programme seeks to offer a comprehensive overview of the main practical, diplomatic and military issues related to the legal aspects of disaster prevention and management activities. Topics will be covered using a plenary-based approach complemented by practical exercises designed to test thhe participants’ ability to find outcome oriented solutions through the application of relevant IDL provisions.

For further information, please consult the programme of the course and the website of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law.

2nd Course on "International Disaster Response Law"

For the second year in a row, the IDL Project contributes – in partnership with senior officers of the Italian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law National Commission – to the organization of the “International Disaster Response Law” Course, meant to train 50 highly skilled Italian Red Cross personnel. The Course will take place in San Remo, Italy, from 2 to 4 May 2014.

Dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani, dr. Giulio Bartolini, dr. Federico Casolari, dr. Emanuele Sommario - IDL Project coordinators - as well as dr. Mauro Gatti, dr. Claudia Morini and dr. Alice Riccardi - members of the IDL Project - will present their research during the course.

Participants have been competitively selected by a Commission composed of Prof. Paolo Benvenuti – Dean of the Law Department of Università degli Study Roma Tre, and member of the Italian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law National Commission – Col. CRI Fabio Strinati – Chief of the Italian Red Cross International Humanitarian Law National Commission – and Milena-Maria Cisilino – Italian Red Cross delegate in IDRL.

Sant'Anna Course on International Disaster Law

From 6 May to 5 June 2014, dr. Emanuele Sommario (Assistant Professor of International Law and IDLP unit coordinator) will convene a Course on International Disaster Law at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna of Pisa.

The Course intends to offer students an overview of the emerging area of IDL. A first introductory part will set out the scope of the subject, the rationale behind the emergence of IDL norms,  and its interaction with other branches of international and supranational law concur to shape it. Next, specific legal issues pertaining to the international regulation of disaster prevention and response will be highlighted. Specific sessions will be devoted to an analysis of regional and sub-regional norms and mechanisms established to reduce and mitigate the effects of natural or human-made disasters. Lastly, disaster scenarios will be read and interpreted through the lens of international human rights law.

The Course will be complemented by seminars held by dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani (ILDP national coordinator), who will speak about The Works of the International Law Commission on ‘Protection of Persons in the Event of Disasters’; dr. Giulio Bartolini (IDLP unit coordinator), who will present on the Legal Status of Humanitarian Workers in Disasters Settings; dr. Federico Casolari (IDLP unit coordinator), who will focus his seminar on Disaster Response and Prevention in the EU Legal System; dr. Annalisa Creta (IDLP Team Member), who will address the question of whether Is there a Human Right to Humanitarian Assistance?; and finally dr. Claudia Morini (IDLP Team Member), who will introduce participants to the Regional Systems for the Prevention of and Response to Disasters.

Chiavari Conference on the Red Cross New Committment Towards Disaster Victims

On 10 May 2014 a conference entitled "After 150 Years from the First Geneva Convention, the Red Cross is Committed to Protect Disaster Victims" will be held in Chiavari, Italy, on the occasion of the award cerimony of the "XII Premio di Laurea Giuseppe Barile and Pietro Verri". Distinguished speakers include Prof. Paolo Benvenuti, full Professor of International Law at Roma Tre University and Dean of the Faculty, and dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani, national IDLP coordinator. The Conference will be the occasion to discuss the new challenges the Italian Red Cross - which is a partner of the IDL Project - is currently facing vis-à-vis the increasing occurence of disasters.

4. Developments in Int'l Disaster Law

The New EU Civil Protection Mechanism

On 10 December 2013, the EU adopted Decision 1313/2013/EU, which provides for the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM). The Mechanism is based on the civil protection provision introduced in EU primary law in 2009 (art.196 TFEU) and contributes to implement the ‘solidarity clause’ requesting that Member States cooperate in case of disasters (art.222 TFEU). The UCPM substitutes the former ‘Community Civil Protection Mechanism’, set up in 2001 and revised in 2007, which was activated more than 200 times since 2001, also for disasters of major importance, such as the tsunami in Southeast Asia (2004), Hurricane Katrina (2005), the earthquake in Haiti (2010), the tsunami in Fukushima (2011), fires in Greece (2007, 2012) and cyclone Haiyan in the Philippines (November 2013).

The new Mechanism has a rather broad scope. Like its predecessor, the UCPM regulates cooperation between EU Members and some EU neighbours (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia and Norway), as well as assistance to third countries. The actions envisaged by the Mechanism may relate to natural and man-made disasters affecting people, the environment and property, and concern different aspects of civil protection.

In the first place, disaster prevention and preparedness. The new Mechanism requests – for the first time – that EU States share a summary of their risk assessments and best practices and identify in advance civil protection 'modules', i.e. human and material resources they may render available for civil protection activities. The EU and MemberStates can also implement a training program for intervention teams.

Secondly, the Mechanism regulates early warning in case of disasters which may affect the territory of a plurality of Member States. The MemberState affected by a disaster must immediately notify the Commission and the MemberStates which may be concerned by the emergency. The Commission must then ensure the flow of information between the countries participating in the Mechanism through the Emergency Response Coordination Center (ERCC), an office of the Directorate-General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection of the European Commission (DG ECHO).

Thirdly, the Mechanism regulates the coordination of disaster response. Although art.222 TFEU affirms that EU States “shall” assist each other in case of disaster, the UCPM is inspired – like its predecessor – by the international law principles of sovereignty and non-interference. Any UCPM State affected by a disaster may request help, but is not obligated to do so. Where assistance is granted, the requesting State is competent, within its territory, for directing assistance interventions; it may also lay down guidelines and, if necessary, define the limits of the tasks entrusted to the modules or other response capacities. Also the assisting State has ample discretion. Once it receives a request for help, it must promptly determine whether it is in a position to render the assistance required and inform the requesting Member State, but it may autonomously determine the scope and terms of any assistance and might even deny the help. The intergovernmental characterisation of the Mechanism, however, is tempered by the intervention of the Commission. The ERCC acts as a hub for communications between states and coordinates assistance at the operational level, if necessary by sending agents on-site, who may facilitate coordination between intervention teams and liaise with the competent authorities of the requesting MemberState.

Finally, the Mechanism regulates international disaster response. When a third country requires the assistance of the European Union, via the ERCC, such assistance is generally regulated by the procedures applicable to the response to disasters within the EU. External assistance, however, requires a higher degree of coordination between EU countries, since they have to interact with a third State with which they do not share, at least initially, information and procedures. The Mechanism consequently grants a pivotal role to the Commission, which must maintain a constant dialogue with both the Member States and the third country in all phases of the emergency.

 Photo: Portuguese firefighers discuss an operation aboard the Italian aircraft carrier Cavour, during the EU Twist drill (2013), courtesy of Federico Casolari.

Developments in other Regional Organizations

ASEAN Disaster Management Officials Enhance Knowledge on Humanitarian Logistics

Representatives from ASEAN Member States’ disaster management agencies have embarked on a humanitarian logistics system training in Malaysia, from 7 to 14 April 2014. The training was developed by the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) in collaboration with the United Nations Humanitarian Response Depot (UNHRD) Subang Base, and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) Asia Regional Office. This training is part the AHA Centre Executive Programme (ACE Programme), a six-month leadership training programme for disaster management officers from ASEAN Member States.

“The officers will become future leaders in disaster management in ASEAN, and humanitarian logistics is among important elements in disaster management. Through this training, we expect them to obtain a thorough understanding of humanitarian logistics from the management concepts to the understanding on ground level constraints,” Said Faisal, the Executive Director of the AHA Centre explained. He added that “this knowledge will help disaster management officials understand the procedures to access ASEAN’s stockpiles as well as better planning and managing the disaster logistics in their respective countries”.

In this training, humanitarian logistics experts from WFP have shared knowledge and expertise gathered from decades of experience and best practices among the humanitarian community. “The Asia-Pacific region is particularly prone to natural disasters and the effects of climate change,” said WFP Regional Director for Asia Kenro Oshidari. “We are proud to be working hand-in-hand with the next generation of ASEAN leaders to provide them with the latest operational skills and knowledge to respond effectively to such disasters.” The AHA Centre Executive Programme was expected to develop both the capacity and connectivity of ASEAN disaster management officials.

CARICOM’s Regional Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) Strategy and Programming Framework 2014-2024

The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) has published the draft of a new Regional Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) Strategy and Programming Framework. The final text will constitute the review of the 2007-2012 Comprehensive Disaster Management Strategy and Programming Framework. The CDM Strategy 2014-2024 is designed to continue the process of embedding and institutionalizing CDM as the Caribbean’s platform for achieving risk reduction. It proposes to do this over a ten year strategic period and expands on the original key sectors embraced (Agriculture, Tourism, Health, Civil Society and Education) to include Finance/Economic Development and Physical and Environmental Planning. Additionally, it places increased focus on integrating disaster risk reduction and climate change considerations and their impact on vulnerable groups. The goal of the draft CDM Strategy 2014-2024 is to realize “safer, more resilient and sustainable CDEMA Participating States through Comprehensive Disaster Management”.

The strategic framework embodies seven elements which when realized will lead to the desired future state of Participating States. These are: i. National, regional and sectoral institutions with adequate/minimum standards of capacity to deliver the CDM program; ii. Knowledge management which is applied for fact-based decision-making; iii. Disaster resilience which is enhanced within key sectors of the economy; iv. Operational readiness at regional, national, sectoral and local levels; v. A clearly established and understood nexus between CCA and DRR with programming and governance harmonized; vi. Community resilience which has been enhanced for the most vulnerable with gender concerns addressed at all stages and levels; vii. Resource allocation which underpins the ability to deliver the strategy. 

5th Africa Regional Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction - Prevent Risk: Build Resilience

Participants from African countries and beyond will gather in Abuja, Nigeria, on 13-16 May 2014, for the 5th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction. Stakeholders from the AUC, governments, intergovernmental regional organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations, academic and technical institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Government Organizations are expected to be joined by mayors and local governments, community leaders, parliamentarians, youth, media and the private sector – all sharing a common commitment to forge an African position on a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction focused on building the resilience of African communities in line with sustainable development goals. 

4th Regional Platform for the Americas

The Fourth Session of the Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction of the Americas (RP14) will be held from 27-29 May 2014 in Guayaquil, Ecuador. The platform is sponsored by the Republic of Ecuador through the Secretariat of Risk Management and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as with the support of the Advisory Council of the RP14. Participation is expected to include more than 400 representatives from 37 countries, who will share achievements, commitments and proposals on DRR and resilience building. 

6th Regional Platform for Asia

Hosted by the Royal Government of Thailand, the platform which is also known as the 6th Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR (6AMCDRR) will take place in Bangkok from 23-26 Jun 2014. The biennial conference brings Ministers in charge of disaster risk management, governments, communities and other stakeholders from Asia and the Pacific region to reaffirm their commitment to the implementation of the HFA. The conference also serves as a forum to exchange experiences on successful practices and innovative approaches in advancing the agenda of risk reduction and resilience building.

5. News & Events

IDL Working Papers Series Launched

The IDL Project is pleased to announce the launch of the International Law and Disasters Working Papers Series with the first paper in the series available for download.

The ILD Working Paper Series aims to open up discussions among the global community of scholars, policy-makers and practitioners on relevant issues concerning the legal framework of disaster management.

The first paper, by dr. Alice Riccardi, contains a detailed report of the Conference “Protection of Cultural Heritage from Risks Connected to Natural and Man-made Disasters. International, European and National Perspectives” organized by dr. Flavia Zorzi Giustiniani (IDLP national coordinator) in Rome on 4 December 2013.

New Working Papers will be posted throughout the life cycle of the Project on a rolling basis. All ILD Working Papers are available to download free of charge in PDF format on the dedicated page of the IDL Project website.

The 2014 ILA/ASIL Conference held the first ever panel on IDL

From 7 to 12 April 2014, the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law jointly convened the respectively 76th Biennal Conference and 108th Annual Meeting on themes concerning “The Effectiveness of International Law” in Washington DC, USA.

Such event included the first ever ASIL and ILA panel on themes concerning International Disaster Law, and witnessed the establishment of the International Disaster Law ASIL Interest Group.

On Thursday 10 April 2014 indeed, the ASIL International Environmental Law and International Refugee Law Interest Groups organized a panel entitled “Can International Norms Protect Us from Natural Disasters?”. The session was moderated by dr. David Fisher, coordinator of the International Disaster Law Programme at the International Federation of the Red Cross and Crescent Societies and partner of the IDL Project. Distinguished panelists included Ingrid Nifosi-Sutton (Adjunct Professor, American University Washington College of Law), Kirsten Bookmiller (Professor of Government and Political Affairs, Director of the Office of Global Education and Partnerships, and "Contributing Faculty Member" in Emergency Management Program, Millersville University), Michael Gerrard (Andrew Sabin Professor of Professional Practice and Director of the Centre for Climate Change Law, Columbia Law School), and Elizabeth Ferris (Co-director of the Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement and a senior fellow in Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution).

The overall objective of the panel was to introduce the +50 participants to IDL, and to promote a high enrolment in the newly-born IDL ASIL Interest Group. In the words of the moderator indeed, there is more that can be done on the part of international lawyers vis-à-vis the increasing awareness that natural disasters can increase the risk of human rights violations, environmental harm and economic disruption.

In this vein the first panelist offered an overview of both existing and consolidating international law norms relating to the management and regulation of natural disasters and their aftermath. In particular, she suggested that International Law will be prospectively able to contribute to strengthen the role played by States in preparing to disasters, to improve States’ performance during disasters, and to advance the respect of victims’ human rights.

Whereas the first panelist purported high reliance on the future adoption of a multilateral hard law instrument, the second presentation drew upon the current status of international relations concerning IDL to advocate for the immediate advantages of soft law vis-à-vis the ideal promises of hard law. In particular, the second panelist focused on response to disasters and the development through years of INSARAG (International Search and Rescue Advisory Group), and suggested that within such field international law unusually but positively evolved through soft law.

In conclusion therefore, although from different perspectives, both the first and second panelists offered a positive understanding of the role played by International Law in protecting from disasters. Yet the same conclusion was not shared by the third speaker, who described the interception between climate change and disasters law, and concluded that as per today International Law is completely failing in contributing to save the world from disasters from a climate change perspective – due to the despicable dependency on the willingness of the most polluting States to low pollution itself.

The last panelist offered a human rights perspective on disasters. Positing that human rights are particularly at stake during disasters, yet International Human Rights Law can play a fundamental role in protecting victims. In particular, IHRL provides positive obligations upon States in preventing disasters as evidenced by the approach adopted by the European Court of Human Rights in the Budayeva and others v. Russia case. Second, IHRL offers tools to tackle internal displacement, as explicitly provided in instruments such as the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, which applies to those affected by disasters and climate change. Lastly, IHRL is able to strengthen protection of most vulnerable victims, namely women and children. A gender-based approach in providing assistance should indeed be adopted, vis-à-vis evidence that in some cases assistance to women has been secondarily provided. 

New Publications

Afghan Red Crescent Society, International Disaster Response Law (IDRL) in Afghanistan (IFRC, 2014).

Di Camillo, Marrone, Silvestri, Tessari & Ungaro, The Italian Civil Security System (Nuova Cultura, 2014).

The International Journal of Human Rights, Special Issue: Legal Perspectives on Contingencies and Resilience in an Environment of Constitutionalism, 2014.

Caron, Kelly & Telesetsky (eds), The International Law of Disaster Relief (Cambridge University Press, Publication planned for September 2014).

Zwitter, Lamont, Heinze & Herman (eds), Humanitarian Action - Global, Regional and Domestic Legal Responses (Cambridge University Press, Publication planned for November 2014).

Editorial Committee

Mauro Gatti, Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna
Claudia Morini, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna
Alice Riccardi, Uninettuno University

The IDL Project is financed by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research under the grant programme FIRB Futuro in Ricerca 2012.