The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is a worldwide NGO which acts to tackle the major humanitarian and development challenges. In particular, the Federation: plays a key role in coordinating the National Societies’ activities; supports and coordinates National Societies to reduce risk, mitigate the effects of, prepare to respond, respond to and recover from disasters; cooperates with the International Committee for the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law.

The Federation is the main actor in the theoretical analysis of International Disaster Law and it has a pivotal role in elaborating this topic as a distinct branch of international law. For instance in 2007, on the basis of the IFRC’s recommendation, the 187 States adopted the IDRL Guidelines. In 2011, the Federation, in cooperation with OCHA and the Inter-parliament Union, drafted a “Model Act” to assist states in incorporating the IDRL Guidelines into their national law.

The Federation and its researchers are a key partner for this project, for instance, concerning the implementation of international relief actions and consequent legal-operative issues and identification of relevant state practice concerning IDRL. On this latter aspect the Federation has undertaken a number of regional studies on existing disaster laws. The cooperation will help to fill some gaps in the survey made by the Federation and should make easier the dissemination of the results through the initiatives promoted by the Federation in the training field.

Photo courtesy of IFRC, www.ifrc.org